Inventor and Designer of Postural Control Insoles


  • Pfg = Greatest Pronated Foot
  • TCd = Direction of Thoracic Curve
  • PPs = Side of Posterior Protuberance (determined using Adams Test) (See Figure A below)
  • PPm = Measured Posterior Protuberance (using spinal inclinometer) (See Figure B below)

Statistical Analysis of Raw Data in Scoliotic (Thoracic Curve) Study

Spinal Curves Linked to Gravity Drive Pronation

Scoliotic Study [n=25]

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All subjects diagnosed as Ideopathic Scoliosis
  • All subjects have thoracic curves

Procedure:  The following null hypothesis was constructed and tested using the One Sample t-Test (Analyse-it + General, version 1.73) on the raw date (see below). 

Hoa:  There is no relationship between the most pronated foot and the direction of the thoracic curve

Results: One-tailed P value = 0.0415

Conclusion: At confidence level = 99%, the null hypothesis Hoa was rejected