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Reference:  (Research Study for taking PMSv)

       Cummings GS, Higbie EJ 1997. A weight bearing method for determining forefoot posting for orthotic fabrication. Physio Research Intern, Vol 2(1):42-50.

Primus Metatarsus Supinatus Values (PMSv)

Linked to Embryological Foot Types

"The weightbearing technique under investigation in this study was developed by Brian Rothbart, in an attempt to provide a more functional measure of the forefoot for orthotic prescription (Rothbart, 1994)."   Cummings and Higbie, Page 43