Inventor and Designer of Postural Control Insoles
Unleveling of Pupils - sign of sphenoid torsion
Foot to Sphenoid Link (Research Project Concluded 2015)
Pure Ascending Postural Distortion Pattern
Rothbart BA 2006. Relationship of Functional Leg-Length Discrepancy to Abnormal Pronation. Journal American Podiatric Medical Association;96(6):499-507
Rothbart BA 2008. Vertical Facial Dimensions Linked to Abnormal Foot Motion. Journal American Podiatric Medical Association, 98(3):01-08, May.
Rothbart BA 2013. Prescriptive Insoles and Dental Orthotics Change the Frontal Plane Position of the Atlas (C1), Mastoid, Malar, Temporal and Sphenoid Bones: A Preliminary Study. Journal of Cranio Manidibular and Sleep Practice, Vol 31(4):300-308.
Abnormal Pronation resulting from either a Rothbarts Foot or PreClinical Clubfoot Deformity can result in a sphenoid torsion (unleveling of the pupils)
Abnormal Pronation Pattern: Left > Right
See animation below
Ascending Sphenoid Torsion
Proprioceptive therapy does not reverse the longitudinal shaping of the cranium