Thigh Foot Angle - Patient placed in prone position, with knees bent.
Internal Tibial Torsion (Right)
Adducted (Pigeon-Toed) Gait
Structural Variance in the Leg (Tibia)
Internal structural twist (torsion) of the tibia is the most common cause of Pigeon-Toeing in toddlers.
(2) Internal Tibial Torsion
Interpretation: Normal Values
Femur axis: Line along length of femur
Foot axis: Line from heel through third web space