These photos were taken on the same day (12 year old male patient).
(4) Rothbarts Foot
Anteversion - Internal Femoral Rotation
(3) Metatarsus Adductus
Adducted (Pigeon-Toed) Gait
Structural Variances in the Feet
Inventor and Designer of Postural Control Insoles
A frequent subconscious compensation seen in children with Rothbarts Foot is to rotate their femurs internally (e.g., anterversion) in order to diminish or eliminate foot discomfort associated with abnormal pronation.
Frequently in Children with a Rothbarts Foot , the child subconsciously rotates his femurs internally to diminish the discomfort/aching in his feet that frequently occurs with abnormal pronation.
Metatarsus Adductus (aka Metatarsus Varus) - incidence 1 per 1000 births
Yu, G.V. and Wallace, G.F. 1987. Metatarsus adductus. In McGlamry, E.D. (Ed). Comprehensive textbook of foot surgery (volume one, first edition). Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore. pp. 324-353.
A transverse plane structural deformity in which the metatarsals are medially deviated in relation to the longitudinal axis of the lesser tarsus, with the apex of the deformity at Lisfranc’s articulation (Yu and Wallace, 1987) - See Photos and Xray Below