Inventor and Designer of Postural Control Insoles

Metatarsus Adductus (aka Metatarsus Varus) - incidence 1 per 1000 births

Compensatory Anteversion

  • Note the decrease in left foot pronation (dark shoes) as the child subconsciously rotates his left femur internally. 
  • Note the increase in left foot pronation (white shoes) when the child is instructed to consciously prevent his left femur from rotating externally.

These photos were taken on the same day (12 year old male patient).  

(4)  Rothbarts Foot

​       Anteversion - Internal Femoral Rotation

A frequent subconscious compensation seen in children with Rothbarts Foot is to rotate their femurs internally (e.g., anterversion) in order to diminish or eliminate foot discomfort associated with abnormal pronation. 


     Yu, G.V. and Wallace, G.F.  1987.  Metatarsus adductus. In McGlamry, E.D. (Ed). Comprehensive textbook of foot surgery (volume one, first edition). Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore. pp. 324-353.
     Rothbart  BA, 1972.  Metatarsus adductus and its clinical significance.  Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, Vol. 62, No. 5, pp. 187-190
     Rothbart BA, 1972.   Clinical treatise on transverse plane dysplasias of the femur and tibia.  Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association.  Vol. 62, No. 1,  pp. 1-14 (Stickel Award 1971)

     Crawford M, Green D.  Chapter 5.  Metatarsus Adductus, Radiographic and Pathomechanical Analysis.

(3)  Metatarsus Adductus

A transverse plane structural deformity in which the metatarsals are medially deviated in relation to the longitudinal axis of the lesser tarsus, with the apex of the deformity at Lisfranc’s articulation (Yu and Wallace, 1987) - See Photos and Xray Below


Frequently  seen in Children with a Rothbarts Foot :  the child subconsciously rotates his femurs internally to diminish the discomfort/aching in his feetthat frequently occurs with abnormal pronation.

Adducted (Pigeon-Toed) Gait

Structural Variances in the Feet