Blocked primary cuspids
Dental Imbalances Driven by the Foot (Foot Pathomechanics)
Narrow Curve of Spee
My January 2013 study based on 3D rendering of computer models suggests that
Class II Malocclusions can be the direct result of abnormal pronation.
In October 2013, I published a paper in the Journal of Craniomanidublar and Sleep Practice
that radiographically demonstrates this foot to cranial link.
Rothbart BA 2013. Prescriptive Insoles and Dental Orthotics Change the Frontal Plane Position of the Atlas (C1), Mastoid, Malar, Temporal and Sphenoid Bones: A Preliminary Study. Journal of Cranio Manidibular and Sleep Practice, Vol 31(4):300-308.
Rothbart BA 2008. Vertical Facial Dimensions Linked to Abnormal Foot Motion. Journal American Podiatric Medical Association, 98(3):01-08, May.
Rothbart BA 2006. Relationship of Functional Leg-Length Discrepancy to Abnormal Pronation. Journal American Podiatric Medical Association; 96(6):499-507
Loss of vertical facial dimension
Reversing poor posture (postural distortions) in children over the age of 8-9 may require a multi-disciplinary approach even when the postural problem is initiated by abnormal foot motion.
In order to understand the inherent limitations of treating the foot only (e.g., Rothbarts Foot or PreClinical Clubfoot Deformity), a brief discussion of the pathodynamics engaging the feet and teeth is presented below.
Ascending Postural Pattern
Postural distortions occur sequentially, from bottom to top.
Type II and Type III Malocclusions (Rothbarts Model)
The Pure ascending postural distortional patterns that result in Class II and Class III Malocclusions are due to the locked extension or flexion of the sphenoid bone. Either the Rothbarts Foot or the PreClinical Clubfoot Deformity can result in a Class II Malocclusion.
Rothbarts Triad (Pure ascending postural distortional pattern)
Foot Twist (pronation)
Foot Twist (supination)
Class II MalocclusionLinked to Posterior Rotation of the Temporal Bones